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As part of the CMI program on Water Demand Management, a regional workshop on decentralized and participatory groundwater management was organized on March 9-10, 2017 in Marseille by AFD and the World Bank with the co-funding of the MENA Multi Donor Trust Fund, water scarce cities initiative, and GIZ, and a valuable technical partnership and support of FAO and IRSTEA, the French Research Institute on environment and water.
Groundwater resources are largely overexploited throughout the world and especially in the Mediterranean, mainly for agriculture. Both empirical evidence and the economic theoretical background on common pool resources back participatory and decentralized management solutions, involving users, in the form of "groundwater contracts" as an alternative to market failures leading to the ‘tragedy of the commons’ and often inefficient state management.
The event concluded a series of national workshops held in Jordan (2011), Morocco (2014) and Tunisia (2015), and an analytical work and research cycle with several publications by AFD, one of which featuring as a background paper to the World Bank’s World Development Report 2017 “Governance and the Law”.
The workshop was attended by some 30 decision-makers from Southern and Eastern Mediterranean countries, partners and consultants. It aimed to share knowledge on groundwater governance in the Mediterranean and to work on realistic solutions that could guide public policies and donor funding.
Presentations on different countries, including the State of California, were confronted with various cases from the North and the South of the Mediterranean and the principles of Elinor Ostrom (‘Nobel Prize for Economics’ 2009) on the management of common property resources. Working groups then explored both the difficulties of implementing the groundwater contracts and the proposed solutions which should go beyond the contracts themselves to deal with the knowledge of the resource and uses, the monitoring of water withdrawals, water governance, institutions, incentives and public policies including in sectors other than water such as energy and land use rights.
Users’ groups, in addition to their specific role for resource management, have been found an element of social capital capable of carrying out various activities under local development projects embedding, but not limited to, water issues, thus facilitating the resolution of some tricky issues of water management, often involving use restrictions. Users’ organizations also can be a source for proposing policy measures from grass-root level, therefore making those more relevant and acceptable. This may have many implications in the way public policies, the legal framework and institutions of water governance are shaped and implemented.
Outcomes of the workshop will include a report in the form of a handbook for decision-makers and donors and a synthesis paper to be published in partnership with IRSTEA.
See also www.groundwatergovernance.org
Day 1: Thursday, March 9
8:45 Reception and registration of participants
9:15 Workshop opening
Speaker(s): TBD - AFD and WB
9:30 Presentations on GW management
SEMC representatives will present on their track record and current concerns. Presentations will address: problem analysis, solutions development and implementation, achievements to date, successes and failures, and future prospects. The session will end with a benchmarking against a range of Mediterranean examples.
10-15 minutes presentations for each country followed by Q&A
Moderator: Mr. Frederic Maurel, AFD
Mr. Matthieu Baisset, ImagEau: Azraq groundwater physical assessment
Mr. Alalaween Mufleh, Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation: History and cultural background
Mr. Mohammad Al Atrash, MWI: Concertation process
Souss Massa (Morocco):
Mr. Hassan Benabderrazik, Consultant, Gestion de la demande en eau dans le bassin Méditerranéen
Ms. Amal Talbi, WB, Complements on Oum er Rbia (Morocco)
11:00 Presentations on GW management (ctd)
Bsisi/el Akarit (Tunisia):
Mr. Ridha Ghoudi, CRDA Gabes, Gestion participative des nappes souterraines cas de GDA de Bssissi Oued Akarit Gouvernorat de Gabes -Tunisie
Complements on hydrogeology by Mr. Jean-François Vernoux, BRGM
Ms. Rahma Rahmani, CRDA Kairouan, Projet AGIR
Los Sotillos (Spain):
Mr. José María Fernández Ruiz, technical consultant of the Community of Irrigators of Los Sotillos, Groundwater Management in Los Sotillos Community
Benchmarking against a range of Mediterranean examples:
Ms. Marielle Montginoul, IRSTEA, Benchmarking against a Range of Mediterranean Examples
Mr. Eric Garner, Consultant
2:00 Group works
Participants will be split into 3 to 4 working groups aimed at identifying the main constraints and shortcomings of governance nature that currently prevent or hinder decentralized/participatory GW management. Groups will be provided with a list of issues/questions to address/answer.
3:30 Working group presentations
Working groups will present on their outcomes, followed by Q&A and discussions. Outcomes will then be confronted with E. Ostrom’s principles for decentralized/participatory management of common pool/common property resources.
Moderator: Ms. Amal Talbi, WB
Presentations by working groups and discussions
Mr. Sebastien Loubier, IRSTEA
4:30 Synthesis presentations and discussions
Moderator: Mr. Dominique Rojat, AFD
Presentations highlighting stakeholders involvement issues, incentives to and conditions for efficient GW management, followed by Q&A and discussions.
Mr. Jean-Daniel Rinaudo, BRGM
Mr. Mohamed Bazza, FAO, and Mr. Marcus Wijnen, WB
6:00 Wrap up – End of Day 1
6:30 Buffet cocktail
Day 2: Friday, March 10
9:00 Kick off and group works
3 working groups will be set up, each group being asked to identify key principles and practical aspects of decentralized and participatory GW management in one of the following areas:
Each working group will be provided with a template to present its outcomes.
11:00 Plenary session
Working groups will present on their outcomes, followed by Q&A and discussions. IFIs’ and donors’ would indicate the way they would finance or support GW management schemes with regard to approaches, tools and commitments from parties and stakeholders.
Moderator: Marcus Wijnen, WB
2:00 Plenary session
Wrap-up session - structure of the policy note/guidelines for GW management.
4:00 Closing of the workshop